Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that can damage the optic nerve, leading to vision loss and blindness if left untreated. It is often associated with increased pressure within the eye, known as intraocular pressure (IOP), but it can also occur with normal or even low IOP. This condition is a leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide.

If you suspect you have glaucoma or are experiencing any changes in your vision, it’s important to consult with an eye care professional, such as an optometrist or ophthalmologist, for a comprehensive eye examination.

Eye care professionals can assess various factors, including intraocular pressure, the appearance of the optic nerve, visual field tests, and other relevant tests to determine whether you have glaucoma or any other eye condition.

Glaucoma often develops gradually and may not have noticeable symptoms in its early stages. This is why regular eye examinations are crucial for early detection. However, as the condition progresses, individuals may experience various signs and symptoms. It’s important to note that the symptoms can vary depending on the type of glaucoma. Here are some common signs associated with different types:

Open-Angle Glaucoma (OAG) – Chronic Glaucoma: Gradual loss of peripheral vision: Often referred to as “tunnel vision,” where the outer edges of the visual field are affected first.

  • Difficulty adapting to low light conditions.
  • Blurred or hazy vision.
  • Frequent changes in glasses prescription without improvement in vision.
  • As the condition progresses, central vision may also be affected.

Angle-Closure Glaucoma – Acute Glaucoma: Sudden and severe eye pain.

  • Headaches.
  • Blurred or cloudy vision.
  • Halos around lights.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Redness in the eye.
  • Decreased or sudden loss of vision.

It’s important to remember that many people with glaucoma may not experience noticeable symptoms until the later stages of the disease. Therefore, regular eye exams, especially for those at higher risk due to factors like age, family history, and ethnicity, are crucial for early detection and management.

If you are experiencing any changes in your vision or have concerns about your eye health, it’s essential to consult with an eye care professional. They can conduct the necessary tests to diagnose glaucoma and recommend an appropriate course of action based on your individual circumstances. Early detection and treatment are key to preventing further vision loss.

Don’t delay seeking medical attention if you have concerns about your eye health. Only a qualified eye care professional can provide an accurate diagnosis and recommend an appropriate course of action based on your individual circumstances.

Book in for your consultation here with Mr Vik Sharma, Consultant Ophthalmologist, Cataract and Glaucoma Specialist.